University of New Brunswick Loyalist Collection
- Journal and Votes of the House of Assembly. A bill relating to Negroes, New Brunswick, House of Assembly. RS 1. 1801 Feb. 6, 12, 14; pp. 641, 650-652.
- Stair Agnew introduced this bill being alarmed at the uncertain state of the law concerning slavery. Two versions of the Bill survive. The old archival reference No. for the bill is RLE/801/A/bi.
- Loyalists and Slavery in NS, PEI, and NB: Selected Documents in the Loyalist Collection. Contact UNB Microforms for further information.
- Minute Book: New Brunswick. College of New Brunswick (Fredericton, NB). 1800-1828. Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .N4C6F7M5
- Minutes: New Brunswick, Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace (York County). 1789-1841
- The King versus Stair Agnew, 1801 June 9, 10, 11. Stair Agnew indicted for assaulting and beating Richard Hopefield whom Agnew believed was his "negro slave servant for life".
- Minutes: New Brunswick. Supreme Court. 1788-1791. Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .N4L5R3
- Minutes: New Brunswick. Supreme Court. 1785 - 1829. Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .N4C6S9M5
- Minutes: New Brunswick, Supreme Court. RS 32. The King versus Caleb Jones: 1799 18 July, 1 Oct.; 1800 Feb. 4, 7, 8. The King versus Stair Agnew: 1799 1 Oct. 1800 Feb. 4, 8; 1802 July 20.
- Slave trials: R v Jones involved the "Black woman Ann otherwise called Nancy" whom Jones had brought with him from Maryland in 1785; R v. Agnew involved the slave Mary Morton whom Agnew had purchased from William Bailey. They were commenced simultaneously but R v Agnew did not go to trial when the verdict was known in the other case. The court was evenly divided, and Ann was sent back to captivity. Case Files are available at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Reference no. RS 42, with further details.
- Papers of John Saunders. 1775-1910. Miscellaneous, n.d., #7. See Saunders Family fonds for originals.
- An opinion in Saunders' handwriting that the Imperial Act of 1790 gives legislative recognition to the existence of slavery throughout the Empire and thus, "slaves which Loyalists took with them to their new settlement were and...are in this moment slaves". A similar opinion was anonymously published in the Royal Gazette, 28 July 1801. Saunders was a puisne judge of the Supreme Court.
- George Duncan Ludlow Claims on Microfilm
- Series 1 (AO 12)
- vol. 19, p. 310, UNB reel 5 (memorial of G.D. Ludlow from Commission appointed to enquire into the Losses and Services of American Loyalists)
- vol. 90, p. 3/18, 19, 20, 21, reel 21
- vol. 99, p. 179, reel 24
- vol. 109, p. 192/413, reel 27
- vol. 109, p. 198/2103 (trustee for children of David Colden)
- Series 2 (AO 13)
- bundle/volume 65 (2), UNB reel 73/74
- b/vol. 102/609-609, reels 108, 109, 110, 111
- Series 1 (AO 12)
University of New Brunswick online documents
- Black Loyalists in New Brunswick, 1783-1854.
- An archived site of petitions from African Americans who moved to New Brunswick during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
- The Ward Chipman Slavery Brief.
- In 1800, Ward Chipman and Samuel Denny Street defended the right of a Slave woman, Nancy, to obtain her freedom. There was no existing legislation in New Brunswick on slavery and Chipman and Street offered their services pro bono in an attempt to establish a precedent. Although the two young Fredericton lawyers were not successful in their bid to free Nancy from her owner, Caleb Jones; their efforts are considered seminal in directing the course of New Brunswick law. The trial lasted more than a year and was heard by four judges. Four counsellors offered briefs. The trial resulted in a split decision and Nancy was returned to Jones.
- The Winslow Papers
- This site houses the electronic edition of the Winslow Family Papers, along with background information and links. Ann Gorman Condon, a Loyalist scholar, to whom this site is dedicated, stated that "The Winslow Papers are the single most important collection of personal papers documenting the Loyalist experience in the American Revolution and the subsequent establishment of English Canada."
New Brunswick Museum
- Sussex Indian Academy Papers, S 65A-8, F1, Letters, petitions, 1787-1832.
- Item 4: Letter, George Leonard (Sussex Vale) to Chief Justice Ludlow regarding provision of schooling and other facilities for aboriginals. 1787 (4 p.) and Item 6: Letter, G. Leonard to Chief Justice Ludlow regarding erection of schools of aboriginals. (4 p.)
Provincial Archives of New Brunswick
- Contact PANB for further information:
- Ward Chipman Collection. Notes on Ludlow. 1st Series, v. 2 p. 781a-186 letters from Ludlow; v. 61 no. 8, v.62 no. 1, 22, v. 64 no. 44, v. 67 no. 75.
- RS331 Records of Gabriel G. Ludlow, Colonial Administrator, Series G, 1808/1, 1a and 1b: Order of His Majesty in Council approving the report on the abolition of the slave trade, signed Stephen Cottrell, March 16, 1808.
- MC1156 Ludlow Family, Vol. 5 p. 58.
- RS75A (microfilm) 1786-1811 Last Will and Testament of the Hon. G.D. Ludlow, L-157, 1809.
- Wallace Hale’s Early New Brunswick Probate:
Library and Archives Canada
- General Court Minutes books from the New England Company fonds
- Contains contract of Sarah Paul placing her son Francis Paul as an indentured servant to Peter Snyder.
- Ward Chipman (Senior and Junior) fonds, available on microfilm.
- Includes an example of an indenture for eight-year old Joseph Bovis, son of Paul Bovis of the Mi’kmaq in Kings County under the auspices of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England (possibly via the Sussex Vale Indian School) to be apprenticed as a farmer for 13 years
Library of Congress
- Peter Van Schaack Papers. Three letters from George Duncan Ludlow: -Jan 10, 1785. Oct. 16, 1785, and April 2 (?), 1786.
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