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Bibliography of Books or Articles

George Duncan Ludlow

Garraty JA, Carnes MC, Garraty JA, American Council of Learned Societies. “Ludlow, George Duncan” by Ann Gorman Condon.  American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999; 14: 103-105.

Jones, E. Alfred. “Letter of David Colden, Loyalist, 1783.” The American Historical Review, vol. 25, no. 1, 1919, pp. 79–86. JSTOR, Accessed 11 Mar. 2020. 

Jones T, De Lancey EF, New York Historical Society. History of New York during the Revolutionary War: And of the Leading Events in the Other Colonies at That Period. New York: Printed for the New York Historical Society; 1879.

Lawrence, JW.  Foot-prints; or Incidents in Early History of New Brunswick. Saint John NB: J.&A. McMillan. 1883. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Lawrence, JW. The First Courts and Early Judges of New Brunswick:  A Paper read before the New Brunswick Historical Society. St. John, NB: J&A McMillan, 1875.

Lawrence JW, Stockton AA, Raymond WO, Bell D, Bell DG. The Judges of New Brunswick and Their Times. Fredericton: Acadiensis for the Barristers' Society of New Brunswick; 1985. Accessed 10 March 2020.

Raymond, W.O. “A sketch of the life and administration of General Thomas Carleton, first governor of New Brunswick,” Collections of the New Brunswick Historical Society., 2 (1899–1905), no.6: 439–81.

Thomspon, Benjamin F. History of Long Island from its Discovery and Settlement to the Present Time. New York:  Robert H. Dodd, 1918. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Tiedemann, Joseph S. “Patriots by Default: Queens County, New York, and the British Army, 1776-1783.” The William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 43, no. 1, 1986, pp. 35–63. JSTOR,  Accessed 11 Mar. 2020.

Slavery in New Brunswick

Bell, DG. “Slavery and the Judges of Loyalist New Brunswick”. University of New Brunswick Law Journal, 31 (1982): 9-42. Lawrence, Joseph Wilson, Alfred A. Stockton, and William O. Raymond. 1907. The judges of New Brunswick and their times.

Jack, I. Allen. “The Loyalists and Slavery in New Brunswick.”  Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, Second Series, Vol. IV, 1898-99, pp.137-185. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Riddell, William Renwick. “Slavery in the Maritime Provinces.” The Journal of Negro History. Vol 5., no. 3 (July 1920), pp. 359-375. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Smith, T. Watson.  “The Slave in Canada.” Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society. Vol. X, 1899. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Spray, William. The settlement of the Black Refugees in New Brunswick 1815 - 1836. Acadiensis. 1977;6(2): 64-79. Excerpts can be found here:;jsessionid=A97A89E17A22ED643856F1165A3F0578?method=preview&lang=EN&id=646 Accessed 11 March 2020.

Whitfield Harvey Amani. “Black loyalists and black slaves in Maritime Canada.” History Compass. 2007;5(6):1980-1997. 

Whitfield, Harvey Amani. “The Struggle over Slavery in the Maritime Colonies.” Acadiensis, vol. 41, no. 2, 2012, pp. 17–44. JSTOR, Accessed 11 March 2020.

Whitfield, Harvey Amani. North to Bondage: Loyalist Slavery in the Maritimes. Vancouver: UBC Press; 2016. 

Whitfield Harvey Amani. Black Slavery in the Maritimes: A History in Documents. Peterborough, Ontario, Canada: Broadview Press; 2018. 

Winks, Robin W. “Negroes in the Maritimes:  An Introductory Survey”. Dalhousie Review.  Vol 48:4, pp. 453-471. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Sussex Vale Residential School

Aiton, Grace.  “The History of the Indian College and Early School Days in Sussex Vale”, New Brunswick Historical Society Collections 18 (1964): 159-162.

Aiton, Grace. The Story of Sussex and Vicinity. Sussex, N.B.: Kings County Historical Society; 1967.  UNB HIL Stacks FC2499 .S9 A38 1967

Allison, Leonard.  The Rev. Oliver Arnold, first rector of Sussex, N.B., with some account of his life, his parish and his successors and the old Indian College [microform]. Accessed 10 March 2020.

Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America. History of the New England Company, From Its Incorporation, In the Seventeenth Century, to the Present Time. London: The Company, 1871. Accessed 10 March 2020.

Dalling W Harvey. History of Sussex Corner. Sussex Corner, N.B.: Bicentennial Committee; 1984.

Davidson, Stephen. “Loyalists and Canada’s First Residential School, Part 1: New Brunswick”. Loyalist Trails Newsletter. 2019-31, August 4, 2019. Accessed 11 March 2020.

Fingard, Judith.  "The New England Company and the New Brunswick Indians, 1786-1826: A Comment on the Colonial Perversion of British Benevolence," Acadiensis, I, 2 (Spring 1972), pp. 29-42.

Hitchin, Neil.  ’Come over and help us’: the New England Company and its Mission 1649-2001.  Ely, UK: St. Pancras Books, 2002.

Peck Mary.  The Bitter with the Sweet: New Brunswick, 1604-1984. 1st ed. Tantallon, N.S.: Four East Publications; 1983. HIL-SPECAR FC2455 .P42 1983

Slumkoski, Corey. "Indian Schools" in New Brunswick”, The Winslow Papers. Accessed 10 March 2020.

[Wood, John?] Johnwood1946.  It Sounded like a Residential School Philosophy. 2016. Accessed 11 March 2020.

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