UNB Libraries' Guide to Genealogy



This guide recommends print and electronic sources available through UNB Libraries. Each section indicates appropriate search tools that can be used to find additional sources. For some research topics it may be useful to look at more than one subject guide.

NOTE: You should start your research at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, which provides information on "climbing your family tree". You may also wish to contact the New Brunswick Genealogical Society, a "non-profit organization founded in 1978 to encourage and facilitate family historical research in New Brunswick".

Researchers will find the greater part of the library's genealogical holdings in three principal areas: Archives and Special Collections, the Reference Department, the Microforms Department, and the Main Stacks. A special WWW page has been prepared for the Loyalist Collection.

Listed below are some searches you can perform against the UNB Libraries' online catalogue, Quest.

The following lists are very selective and represent only a small number of the possible sources in each category.


Baxter, A. (1994) In Search of your Canadian Roots. Toronto: MacMillan.
REF CS82 .B388 1994

Baxter, A.(1982). In Search of your British and Irish roots: A Complete Guide to Tracing your English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish ancestors.
Toronto: McMillan.
REF CS414 .B39

Baxter, A. (1985). In Search of your European Roots: A Complete Guide to Tracing your Ancestors in Every Country in Europe.
Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.
REF CS403 .B39 1985

Breton, A. (1972). A Guide to the Manuscript Collections of the New-York Historical Society.
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
REF CD3409 .N5B74

Cox, J., & Padfield, T. (1990). Tracing your ancestors in the Public Record Office
(4th ed.) London: HMSO.
REF CS116 .C69 1990

DeWitt, D. L. (1994). Guides to Archives and Manuscript Collections in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
REF CD3022 .A2D48 1994

Eichholz, A. (Ed.). (1992). Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources. Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry.
REF C549 .A55 1992

Falley, M. D. (1981). Irish and Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research: A Guide to the Genealogical Records, Methods, and Sources in Ireland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.
REF CS483 .F32

Fellows, R. F. (1981). Starting a Family History Project in New Brunswick, Canada. Fredericton: Associates of the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick.
REF/SPECAR CS82 .F46 1989

Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research. (1989). Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society.

Gilchrist, J. B., & Collier, C. D. (1995). Genealogy and Local History to 1900. Ottawa: CIHM.

Greenwood, V. D. (1990). The Researchers Guide to American Genealogy.
Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.
REF CS47 .G73 1990

Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives. (1985).
Washington: National Archives and Records Administration.
GOV SU57 FN65 G946gr

The Guide to the Holdings of the Archives of Ontario.
1985 Copy in Documents is on microfiche.
Loyalist Collection Finding Aid
GOV L37EC25 G946h

Helferty, S. (1993). Directory of Irish Archives. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.
REF CD1101 .D57 1993

Inventory of Manuscripts in the Public Archives of Nova Scotia. (1976). Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia.
MICGDL CD3645 .N6P82 and GOV L33FP73 In62m

Lester, D. (1987). Irish Research: A Guide to Collections in North America, Ireland, and Great Britain. New York: Greenwood Press.
REF DA906 .L47 1987

National Archives of Canada. (1993). Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1901. Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.
GOV FN45 C357c and MICGD HA741.5 1901 H54 1993

National Archives of Canada. (1987). Checklist of Parish Registers 1986. Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.
GOV FN46 MA9 C515p

National Library of Canada. (1989). Canadian Directories, 1790-1987: A Bibliographical and Place-Name Index (Vols. 1-3). Ottawa: National Archives of Canada.
GOV FN321 C213db

New Brunswick Museum. (1967). Inventory of Manuscripts. Saint John, NB.
MICGD CD3645 .N4A45

Palmer, G. (Ed.). (1982). Bibliography of Loyalist Source Material in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. Westport, CT: Meckler.
MICGDL E277 .B52

Peterson, J. (1983). The Loyalist Guide: Nova Scotian Loyalists and their Documents. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia.
MICGDL FC2321.4 .P47 and GOV L33FP73 L923g

Public Archives of Canada. (1987). Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1666 - 1891. Ottawa: Public Archives Canada.
GOV FN45 C357c and MICGD HA745. H54 1987

Public Archives of Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Genealogical Sources: County Guide Series.
Eight of the nineteen books in this series have been published, each one giving a map and reference information for a particular area e.g. King's County, City of Halifax, etc.

Punch, T. M. (1998). Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS: Nimbus.
REF CS88 N6 P85 1998

Weaver, J. W. (1986). Immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland: A Guide to Archival and Manuscript Sources in North America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
STACKS E184 .B7W42

Biographical Dictionaries

Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Scribner, 1928 - 1958. Includes Seven Supplements and Complete Index Guide.
REF E176 .D563

Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Volumes 1-13, 1000-1910. Cumulative Index for Volumes 1-12, 1000-1900.
REF FC25 .D5

Dictionary of National Biography. (1908/1909). London: Smith, Elder.
REF DA28 .D45 1908

Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography. (1978). Toronto: MacMillan.
REF FC25 .M33 1978

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. (1898 -). New York: J. T. White.
REF E176 .N27

Census Returns

Toner, P. M. (1991). An Index to Irish Immigrants in the New Brunswick census of 1851. Saint John, NB: Peter Toner.
SPECAR FC2500 .I6I53 1991 and GOV L19EH58 PR5 In38I

Augusta township (Upper Canada) census , 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, 1824.
Loyalist Collection

Census of Niagara, 1783. (1978). Hamilton, Ontario: Republished by the United Empire Loyalists Association of Canada.
STACKS HA748 .N52C46 1978

Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States taken in the year 1790: Records of the State Enumerations 1782 - 1785, Virginia. 1952. (Returns for other states are held in the Government Documents Department and in the New Brunswick Provincial Archives.)
STACKS F230 .A55 1952

Index to the 1871 Census for St. John County, New Brunswick. (1989). Saint John, NB: Saint John Branch New Brunswick Genealogical Society. Other Counties are also available.
SPECAR CS88 .S242I5 1989

Map Guide to the U. S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920. (1987). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.
MAP G1201 .F7 T5 1987

Niagara District Census and Assessment, 1828 - 1849.
Loyalist Collection

Nova Scotia Census Returns, 1767 - 1838 inclusive.
Loyalist Collection

Nova Scotia Census Returns. All surviving returns from 1851 - 1901 inclusive.
MIC HA A1 no. 3, 4, 8, 9, 10

Prince Edward Island Census Returns. All surviving returns for 1841, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901.
MIC HA A1 no. 1, 2, 11, 12

Stryker-Rodda, K. (1972). Revolutionary Census of New Jersey: An Index based on Ratables, of the Inhabitants of New Jersey During the Period of the American Revolution. Cottonpor: Polyanthos.
MICGDL F133 .S77

Upper Canada Census Returns, 1842. Incomplete, but includes all surviving returns.
Loyalist Collection


The following titles are a selection of genealogical periodicals as well as historical periodicals which contain genealogical information. In the list below, indexes are noted with the periodical.

Canadian Genealogist, 1979 - 1988.

Generations, 1983 to the present. (formerly N.B. Genealogical Society Newsletter).
SPECAR CS .N481597
Surname Index to Generations
REF/SPECAR CS1 .N48a Index

Huguenot Trails, 1968 - 1981.
STACKS BX9458 .C2 H84

Irish Ancestor, 1969 - 1986.

Loyalist Gazette, 1963 to the present.
Index, 1963 - 1983

Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder, 1884 - 1893.

New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1867 - 1976.
1847 - 1866 are held on Microcard.
1963 - 1987 are on Microfilm F1.N56.
Indexes, 1847 - 1988.

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 1870 -1977.
MICF F116 .N28a
Index, 1870 - 1982. MICGDL F116 .N28

Ontario Register, 1968-1990.

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 1877-1906; 1965-.
MIC 1877-1906
STORA 1965-1984
STACKS 1985-
Index, 1877 - 1951 available in STACKS.

Niagara Historical Society. Publications, No. 1-43, 1896-1912.
STACKS FC3095 .N53P8

South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 1900 to the present.
Index, 1900 - 1980.
STACKS F266 .S55

Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 1930 - 1952.
STOR 975.005 T985

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 1893/94 to the present.
STACKS F221 .V91

William and Mary Quarterly, 1892 to the present.
Index, 1944 - 1988.
STACKS F221 .W71

Worden, J. D. (1985). American Genealogist: Index to Subjects in Volumes 1-60. Franklin, OH: J. D. Worden.

Worden, J. D. (1983). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Master Index, 113 years, 1870 - 1982. Franklin, OH: J. D. Worden.
MICGDL F116 .N28a

Historical Research Collections

Many historical resources contain hidden gems of information which can be very useful to genealogists. The following references provide a few examples of this type of material.

British Headquarters Records. (Sir Guy Carleton Papers).
Calendar, 4 Volumes. Historical Manuscripts Commission.
Loyalist Collection

Brome County (Quebec) Historical Society.Collections, 1774 - 1905.
Loyalist Collection

Butler, J. (Comp.) (1978). Index, Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774 - 1789. Washington: National Archives. (Provides subject and name access to the Papers including microfilm reel numbers for interlibrary loans.)
GOV SU57 FN65 P214co

Canada. Dept. of Militia and Defence. (1987). Canadian Expeditionary Force: Nominal Rolls. Toronto: McLaren Micropublishing.
MIC D A1 no. 17
Guide available MICGD D609 .C2C36 1987

Canadian Institute for Historical Microproductions. Monographs, Directories, Gazetteers. This collection may be accessed through Quest, UNB's online catalogue.

Church Records and Registers. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec and Prince Edward Island.
Loyalist Collection

Colonial Society of Massachusetts.
Series: Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1892 - 1966. Volume 22 and 23 contain Plymouth Church Records, 1620 - 1859. Volume 55 and 56 contain records of Trinity Church in Boston, 1728 - 1830. (There are similar records in this Collection.)
MICF A1 no. 45 (Vols. 1-25.)
STACKS (Each title in this series has its own call number.)

Connecticut Historical Society. Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, 1860 - 1967.
MIC F91 .C7a

Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York. Albany: Weed, Parsons, 1853 - 1887. Volumes 1-14 with Index in Vol. 11.
GOV SU59 NY4 DxD637c

Early American Orderly Books, 1748 - 1817. 19 reels. MIC E181 .E37
Reel Guide and Subject Index to the Microfilm Collection.
MICGD E181 .E37 Index

Edward Winslow Papers, 1685 - 1866.
Winslow Papers Index. 3 reels.
Loyalist Collection

Essex Institute. Essex Intitute Historical Collections. Salem, MA: Essex Institute.
Indexes 1859 - 1969.
STACKS F72 .E7 E81a

Force, P. (1972). American Archives: Consisting of a collection of authentick records, state papers, debates, and letters and other notices of publick affairs... Series IV, Vols. 1-6 and Series V, Vols. 1-3. New York: Johnson Reprint. Coverage dates include 1774 March 7 - 1776 Dec. and includes index.
STACKS OS2 E203 .A5 1972

Fort Anne Papers (Nova Scotia), 17th - 19th centuries.
Loyalist Collection

Frederick Haldimand Papers. Calendar, published between 1884 and 1889 in the Public Archives of Canada's publicationReport.
GOV FN45 R426
Loyalist Collection

Great Britain. War Office 12. Muster Books and Pay Lists. Several volumes.
Loyalist Collection

Great Britain. War Office 42. Vols. 59 - 63. Certificates of Birth, Baptism, Marriage, Death, Wills, Administration. Statements of Service and Personal Papers of Officers and their Families in Cases where an Officer Died on Service or on Half-Pay and his Widow Applied for a Pension or Application was made for a Child's Compassionate Allowance. 6 microfilm reels.
Loyalist Collection

Index to Personal Names in the National Union Catalogue of Manuscript Collections, 1959 - 1984. (Vols. 1-2). (1988). Alexandria, VA: Chadwyck-Healey.
Index to Subjects and Corporate Names is also available. The UNB library has the complete National Union Catalogue of Manuscript Collections.
REF Z695.83 .N362 1988

Munsell, J. (1975). The Annals of Albany. 2 reels.
Mic F A1 no. 42

National Archives of Canada. Record Group 8 "C Series." British Military and Naval Records, Index. 82 microfilm reels. UNB has 125 reels of the Records; PANB has approximately 100 additional reels.
Loyalist Collection

New Brunswick. Provincial Secretary. Correspondence.
Contains many lists of petitioners to the New Brunswick Government.
Loyalist Collection

New Brunswick. Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Minutes.
These records are arranged by County and contain a wealth of genealogical information. Only the early years of a few Counties have been filmed. The original documents are held by the New Brunswick Provincial Archives.
Loyalist Collection

New Brunswick Historical Society. Collections of the New Brunswick Historical Society 1894 - 1966.
MIC FC2461 .N494a (1894-1963)
STACKS (1955-1984)/SPECAR (1894-1966) FC2453 .N38a
Index 1894-1966 available MICGDL FC2453 .N38a Index

New Brunswick Museum. Collection of Loyalist Sources on Microfilm. 20 reels. Inventory available.
Loyalist Collection

New Jersey Historical Society. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, 1845 - 1966. Later title: New Jersey History 1967-1968, 1979-1989.
MIC F131 .N58a

New York Historical Society. Collections. (This collection is particularly rich for genealogists and includes: muster rolls of New York provincial troops, 1755 - 1764; abstracts of wills on file in the Surrogates Office, City of New York, 1665 - 1801; letters of administration; indentures of apprentices; tax lists; revolutionary military musters, etc.)
STACKS F116 .N63

Niagara Historical Society. Collections. Selected items on microfilm for the 18th and 19th centuries.
Loyalist Collection

Nova Scotia Historical Society. Collections of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society 1878 - 1996. (Note: title varies)
SPECAR FC2303 .N57a

Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society. Journal of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society, 1998 to the present.
STACKS FC2303 .J56

Prince Edward Island. Dept. of Crown Lands. Rent Books.
Loyalist Collection

Prince Edward Island. Registry Office Records.
Loyalist Collection

Public Archives of Canada. Report, 1881 to the present.
GOV FN45 R426

Public Archives of Nova Scotia. Township Books.
Loyalist Collection

Published American Colonial Records. (The UNB Library holds the microfilm copy for each colony. The New York reels contain naturalization lists for the Colonial period.)
Loyalist Collection

State Historical Society of Wisconsin. The Draper Manuscript Collection. 123 reels of microfilm.
Mic F A1 no. 13

Harper, J. L. (1983). A Guide to the Draper Manuscripts. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
MICGD F586 .D7H37

Upper Canada. Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Minutes.
The Minutes for a number of Districts are in the Loyalist Collection eg. Western, Home, Mecklenburg, Luneburg and others.
Loyalist Collection

Upper Canada Sundries. Correspondence of the Civil Secretary, 1766-1841. Calendar, 4 microfilm reels.
Loyalist Collection

Wisconsin Historical Society. Collections. 1854 - 1931.
MIC F576 .W81a
Index to Volumes I-XX, 1854 - 1911 is available at MICGD F576 .I52.

Finding Aids

The term "finding aid" is used to identify many different tools which provide access to source materials, e.g. inventories, indexes, content reports, checklists, guides, microfilm shelf lists, calendars, etc. The examples below provide access to sources which are heavily genealogical in nature. * The asterisk indicates that the UNB Library has the material to which the finding aid refers.

Biography and Genealogy Master Index. (1980-1986). Detroit: Gale Research.
REF CT213 .B622

Dwyer, C. (Comp.). (1985). Index to Series I of American Loyalist Claims. DeFuniak Springs, FL: Ram Publishing. (An index is also available for Series II. All microfilm reels for both Series, which are more formally known as Great Britain. Audit Office 12, 1776-1831, 71 reels and Great Britain. Audit Office 13, 145 reels are in the Loyalist Collection.)
MICGDL E277 .C6243 D89 1985 *

Greenlaw Index of the New England Historic and Genealogical Society. (1985). Boston: Micro-Publications, G. K. Hall. 4 microfilm reels.
MIC CS A1 no. 4

Jarvis Family Collection. Index.
Loyalist Collection*

Lower Canada. Land Petitions. Index.
Loyalist Collection*

Lower Canada. Marriage Bonds. Index.
Loyalist Collection*

New Brunswick. Dept. Of Natural Resources and Energy. (1988). Crown Land Grant Index.
GOV L19EN41 C953q
Loyalist Collection*

New Brunswick Provincial Archives. Index to Land Petitions. The Land Petitions from 1783 - 1840 only are in the Loyalist Collection.
Loyalist Collection*

Nova Scotia. Department of Lands and Forests.Consolidated Index to Grants, 1730-1937.
Loyalist Collection

Ontario Archives. Heir to Devisee Commission. Index.
Loyalist Collection

Ontario Archives. Computerized Land Records Index, 1780's-1914.
Loyalist Collection

Ontario Archives. (1985). Guide to Holdings of the Archives of Ontario. Toronto: Ministry of Citizenship and Culture.
GOV L37EC25 G946h
Loyalist Collection

Ontario Archives. Inventories of Court Records, Municipal Records and Crown Land Records.
Loyalist Collection

Passenger and Immigration Lists Index. 1981 - 1995. Detroit: Gale Research, 1981 -.
REF CS68 .P3619

Upper Canada. Land Petitions and Land Books. Index.
Loyalist Collection*

Upper Canada. Marriage Bonds. Index.
Loyalist Collection*

Ward Chipman Collection. Finding aid. UNB has muster rolls and settlement lists only on 3 microfilm reels.
Loyalist Collection*

Newspaper Indexes

Cappon, L. J., & Duff, S. F. (1950). Virginia Gazette Index. 1736 - 1780. Williamsburg: Institute of Early American History and Culture.
REF AI3 .V57 1950

Carleton Sentinel. Index. July 1849 - 1867. (1982). Fredericton, NB: Harriet Irving Library, UNB. Births, Deaths, Marriages. Index also available for 1867-1870 at MICGDL CS88 .W66 K55
MIC AN.C29 Index

Grant, B. J. (1990). People Places Things in New Brunswick: An Index to the Royal Gazette. 1784 - 1809. Fredericton, NB: B. J. Grant.

Howard, M. (1983). Vital Statistics and Items from Newspapers of Newfoundland, 1831-1872. [St. John's, Nfld: SN].

Johnson, D. F. Vital Statistics from New Brunswick Newspapers, 1784 -1893. Saint John, NB: D. F. Johnson.
SPECAR/REF FC2471.1 . A1N48

Le Madawaska. Index, 1913-1974.

The New York Times Index. September 1851 to the present.
REFAB AI21 .N44 & AI21 .N45

Nova Scotia Vital Statistics from Newspapers, 1769 - 1812. Halifax, NS: Genealogical committee. Nova Scotia Historical Society, 1978 - 1982. (Collection includes 3 additional volumes covering 1813-1834.)

Index to the Quebec Gazette. 1764 - 1823.
Mic AN . Q334

Rivington's New York Newspapers: Excerpts from a Loyalist Press 1773 - 1783. (1973). Volume 84 of the New York Historical Society Collections.
MICGDL F116 .N63 Vol. 84

The Times Index (London). 1785-90, 1914-17, 1957, 1965 to the present. (Note: title varies)

Wilson, T. B. (1982). Ontario Marriage Notices. An Index to Notices from the Christian Guardian, The Church and the Constitution. Lambertville, NJ: Hunterdon House.
MICGDL CS88.06 .W5 1982

NOTE: The UNB library holds several hundred newspaper titles on microfilm from the 18th century to the present. Even though most papers are not indexed, genealogists will find them useful if the date of a death or another event is known.

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