PRONOUNCING PASSAMAQUODDY-MALISEET

The Alphabet -- a c e h i k l m n o p q s t u w y '

VOWELS
Maliseet
Letter
English
Example
Maliseet
Example
English
Translation
a father ahahs horse
e bed epit sitting
eh tack ehpit woman
i machine imi pray
o apron opos tree, stick
u dune uten town


BLENDS
Maliseet
Letter
English
Example
Maliseet
Example
English
Translation
aw how awt road
ew * new four
iw few lamiw within
ay pie sepay this morning
ey grey piksey pork
(* The sound of ew is lick the sound of e (bed) plus the sound of u (dune) said together in sequence.)


CONSONANTS

The letters h, l, m, n, w and y have the same sounds as in English; the letter h is pronounced before a vowel, silent or just barely heard before a consonant. The other consonants are pronounced as follows.

Maliseet-
Passamaquoddy
Letter
When not next to a consonant, except initial n- with the meaning "I/me/my; we/us/our"* has soft sound, like English letter.... When next to another consonant or next to apostrophe, has hard sound, like English....
c j ch
k g k
p b p
q gw kw
s z s
t d t
(*For example: nsipum ['n-ZEEB-oom] "my private spot." In this word the n- means "my.")


APOSTROPHE

Apostrophe (') indicates a missing initial consonant that used to be pronounce in an older form of the word. It is written only before c, k, p, q, s, and t.