REPORT.

   The following Report of the Commissioners, for ascertaining the losses occasioned by the late Destructive Fires, is Published by order of His Excellency, the Lieutenant- Governor.

   To His Excellency Major-General Sir HOWARD DOUGLAS, Bart. Lieutenant-Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of New Brunswick, &c., &c., &c.

   The Report of the Commissioners, appointed to enquire into the losses sustained by means of the Destructive Fires in this Province, in the month of October 1825, under the Act of Assembly, 7th Geo. IV Chapter I.

    A competent number of the Commissioners in Pursuance of your Excellency's direction, have made the examinations required by the Act, in the immediate neighbourhood of the Fires in three different parts of the Province, where the greatest destruction occurred, namely at Miramichi, at Fredericton, and on the River Oromocto.

   In conducting these examinations the Commissioners required the party who had sustained the loss, or the agent of such party, to specify under oath the losses actually sustained, and this statement to be corroborated by two credible persons, neighbours of the party, or otherwise possessing means of information on the subject, who were required to declare under oath, their belief of the losses having been actually sustained as stated by the applicant -- and in order to facilitate, and expedite their proceedings, the Commissioners caused Blank forms of examination to be printed, one of which is hereunto annexed for your Excellency's information -- This form has been pursued, with but very few exceptions, which will appear in a list of Special Cases, hereinafter referred to.-

   The Commissioners being anxious to give full effect to all the safeguards against imposition, provided by the Legislature, were careful during the examinations to promulgate the clauses of the Act, which render false swearing in any of these examinations liable to the pains of perjury, and which exclude from any share in the Charitable Funds, any claim which shall appear to have been intentionally made, for the purpose of obtaining more than a just compensation; and they have the satisfaction to state, that but one instance has occurred, in which they have found it necessary to exclude a claim on this ground.

   The Commissioners thought it proper to fix the sum of twenty pounds, as the limit below which they would receive no proof of loss -- on the principle that where the loss did not amount to this sum, the applicant would in all cases have received full relief from the distributions already made.

   No proof of loss was admitted, arising from the destruction of Timber or Wood standing in the Forest from the obvious impracticability of ascertaining it with precision, although such losses were sustained to an immense account.

   The examinations having been completed, the Commissioners all repaired to Fredericton, in pursuance of Your Excellency's requisition, and according to the directions of the Act; H. G. Clopper, Esq. having been in the latter stage of the examinations, appointed by your Excellency a Commissioner in the room of the Honorable George Shore, who had been compelled to resign in consequence of the pressure of the other Public duties, rendering him unable to continue his attention to the business of the Commission.

   The result of these examinations, appear in the several lists of cases in the respective Districts, annexed to this report in which are detailed the names and occupations of the sufferers, and the loss sustained by each, as proved before the Commissioners.

   From the Miramichi list, it appears that the losses proved in that District, were as follows:

   
50 Merchants and Traders, £ 71,203 0 7 1/2;
117 Mechanics, 20,178 10 7
6 Professional Men, 4,978 2 8
244 Farmers, 68,048 17 51/2
30 Lumberers, 6,034 9 2
73 Labourers, 7,014 3 5
21 Tavern-Keepers, 10,123 9 3
28 Widows and Single Women, 5,358 8 6
£ 193,539 1 8

   From the Fredericton list, it appears that the losses proved there, being principally from the Conflagration within the Town, (with some cases from the Country) were as follows:

   
16 Merchants and Traders,£ 12,302 16 11
22 Mechanics, 6,934 10 11
2 Professional Men, 1,432 15 2
3 Farmers, 610 2 6
8 Lumberers, 1,329 18 10
11 Labourers, 1,268 7 0
2 Tavern-Keepers, 2,368 11 6
3 Widows and Single Women, 551 18 8
£ 26,794 1 1

   From the Oromocto list, it appears that the losses proved in that District were

   
24 Farmers, £ 5,181 14 3

   There is also annexed to this report a list of Special Cases so proved in the regular form, which the Commissioners nevertheless recommend as proper to be included in the distribution of the Funds at the disposal of your Excellency.

   This list contains the following cases from the County of Charlotte.

   
6 Farmers, £ 1,187 4 0

   It not having been thought necessary for the Commissioners to repair to that part of the Country, these cases are substantiated to their satisfaction, by the certificates of Magistrates, and other well known respectable individuals, acquainted with the circumstances of the respective cases.

   There are also on the list, the following cases from Miramichi, which from circumstances explained to the satisfaction of the Commissioners, the parties did not prove in the usual manner, but which they are satisfied are entitled to relief, viz:

   
1 Widow,£ 21 15 0
1 Lumberer, 70 0 0
2 Farmers, 975 0 0
£ 1,066 15 0
Total Special Cases, 2,253 19 0

   It is proper to add, that the foregoing statements do not include all the losses sustained; some individuals who suffered did not come forward to prove their loss. Several Public Buildings were also destroyed, and three ships in the River Miramichi, which are not included in the above amount, besides the very great destruction of private property in the Forests.

    It being a part of the duty of the Commissioners, prescribed by the Act of Assembly to present to your Excellency, together with the losses, a scheme for the distribution of the Funds placed in your hands, for the relief of the sufferers, and remaining undisposed of. There have been laid before the Commissioners by your Excellency's directions, as data for enabling them to form such a scheme, a statement of the Funds remaining for distribution, and statements from the principal scenes of distress, of the sums and supplies already received and distributed in the respective districts. By an account laid before the Commissioners and annexed to this Report, it would appear that there is now about £20,000 for distribution as your Excellency shall be pleased to direct. It is to be observed, however, that the precise amount of the Subscriptions in England, has not yet been ascertained, and returns are not yet received from all the Counties in this Province, of the Subscriptions made therein.

    The Commissioners suppose, that your Excellency will think it proper to direct an accurate, and complete account of all the various donations and contributions to these charitable funds, and of the manner in which the same have been disposed of, to be published as soon as practicable.

   From Statements made by the Miramichi Committee, it appears that up to the 1st of June 1826, there had been received as follows:

   
Amount of Supplies from Halifax, exclusive of
money per Invoice,£ 2,567 18 0
Ditto from Quebec,(freight included) 3,157 8 11
Ditto from St. John, N.B. St. John, N. F. St.
Andrews, and other parts of the Colonies,
without Invoice, 4,600 0 0
£ 12,325 6 11

   
Amt. Of Cash from Halifax,£ 650 0 0
Do. Central Committee, 250 0 0
Do. Yarmouth, 150 0 0
Do. Liverpool, England,2,000 0 0
Do. Annan,- 33 11 7
Do. Alloa 93 0 0
Exchange on £ 2,126 11 7 236 5 8
3,412 17 3
£15,738 4 2

   
Add this sum received from Glasgow, Bristol,
N. Shields, and Sunderland, per. letter of
Secretary of Miramichi Committee,£1,496
Sterling,1,1662 4 5
Amt. of draft in favor of Mr. Joplin, on the Pro
vince Treasurer, to enable the Miramichi
Committee to purchase Grass Seeds,400 0 0
£17,800 8 7

   They appear to have expended as follows: --

   Relief granted to 3,540 Sufferers.

   
Stock.Cash.
£12,015£1,781 17 0
Paid balance of Debt contracted
by the old Committee,
after expending the sums
subscribed at Miramichi,175 10 0
Paid contingent expences,527 0 0
Balance in hand,310 6 11928 10 3
£12,325 6 113,412 17 3

    This Committee also state that upwards of six thousand pounds, were expended in the relief of that class of Sufferers whose distresses arose from the loss of employment and the inability to leave the place; their loss of property by the fire, not exceeding in most cases Twenty Pounds each.

   The following statement of the Fredericton Fund is made by the Central Committee:

   
Total amount of Subscription list,£632 16 10
Not yet paid,78 1 1
Add Donation from St. John,300 0 0
Potatoes &c. from Clare, N. S. exclusive of a quantity sent to the Oromocto,35 12 4
Flour and Fish from St. John,15 16 6
£966 4 4
Disbursed by the Committee to 20th June, 1826,832 2 4
Balance,£74 2 0

    The following statement has been made by the Oromocto Committee:

   
Subscriptions in the County of Sunbury, for the relief of the sufferers on the Oromocto and its branches, the greater part of which has been collected and distributed,£470 4 2
Supposed amount received from St. John, in Clothing Provisions, &c.300 0 0
Cash received from Central Committee,50 0 0
£820 4 2

   The Commissioners now proceed to make suggestions to your Excellency, for the proper distribution of the remainder of these extensive charities, which have excited the most grateful emotions throughout the Province; and tell so much, both for British and American Benevolence.

   The Commissioners sensibly feel the responsibility, which dwells upon all concerned in this distribution, to dispense the bounty for the purposes contemplated by the donors. Although the law has authorized the Commissioners to ascertain all the losses which were sustained from the calamitous fires that caused such sweeping desolation; it does not follow that every individual who came forward to prove a loss, is therefore either entitled to or wished to obtain a portion of the charity.

   There can be no doubt, indeed, that many persons proved their losses principally with a view of showing the amount of loss sustained.

   The ruling principle in the distribution of every donation must be the intention of the donor; and in the present case, it is conceived, that there are many persons whose losses have been proved before the Commissioners, who are not of a description of sufferers, that any of the donors intended to relieve by their contributions. The Commissioners think that the actual and individual distribution of the charity, can only be duly made upon a knowledge of the circumstances and condition of each sufferer, and therefore must be performed by local Committees, who possess, or may easily obtain this knowledge, upon such principles, and under such regulations, as your Excellency may think it proper to lay down for their guidance; and that the duty of the Commissioners in this particular, is obviously and necessarily confined to suggesting general principles of distribution, for the consideration of your Excellency, in whose hands, and under whose control, the Funds have been placed for disposal.

   The Commissioners in the first place, recommend that there be reserved from immediate distribution, a sum that will enable your Excellency to make provision for persons who have been made widows, or orphans, or become maimed and disabled by means of the fires, and for other destitute cases that may not be included within the examinations of loss of property, or that may be proper objects for future and continued relief.

   It appears to the Commissioners, under a view of all the circumstances, that £18,000 is a proper sum for immediate distribution, and that the remainder of the Funds on hand, together with any other monies that may be hereafter received, should be reserved by your Excellency, for the purposes just mentioned.

   The next object of the Commissioners, is to suggest a just and proper apportionment of the sum for distribution among the several places where the destruction occurred.

    To do this with exactness, the Commissioners have found impracticable, because in their opinion, such an apportionment ought not to be founded merely on a comparison of the amount of losses sustained in the different places, but upon the character and condition of the sufferers, and the means they still possess; and it is obvious, that where such a variety of circumstances must form the ingredients of determination, an approach to truth is all that can be expected.

   In order to approximate as nearly as possible to a just and proper apportionment, in their view of the subject, they have made a comparison of the amount of losses sustained in the different places, by those classes of sufferers, among whom in their apprehension, will be found by far the greatest number of cases, that are proper objects of the charitable donations, and have made such a comparison, the basis of their apportionment-and these classes are, Farmers, Labourers, Lumberers, Mechanics, Widows, and Single Women.

   From the allotment that might fall to each district upon the above principle, they have thought it right to deduct the respective sums, that appear by the statements laid before them, to have been already received in each place.

   With respect to Miramichi in particular, it appears that £17,800 has been received there, but as it is stated by the Miramichi Committee, that £6,000 of this amount has been expended among a class of sufferers, whose loss of property by the fire, has not been examined into by the Commissioners, and who therefore do not form an ingredient in the above comparison; the Commissioners have deducted this sum from the amount received at Miramichi, leaving the sum of £11,800 charged to them in making the apportionment. Whatever portion of this sum thus received at Miramichi may have been contributed exclusively for that district, it has nevertheless by so much reduced the wants there as compared with the other suffering districts, and therefore, in the opinion of the Commissioners, ought obviously to be taken into account by your Excellency, when making an equitable distribution among all the sufferers, for whose relief the bounty has been placed in your hands.

   Upon these principles, the statement will be as follows:-

   AMOUNT OF LOSSES PROVED BY THE FIVE CLASSES LAST ABOVE MENTIONED.

   Miramichi, £108,068. Fredericton, £10,687. Oromocto and Charlotte, £6,668.

   AMOUNT OF RELIEF ALREADY RECEIVED IN THE DISTRICT.

   Miramichi, £11,800. Fredericton, £984. Oromocto and Charlotte, £953.

   AMOUNT NOW ALLOTTED.

   Miramichi, £15,500. Fredericton, £1,700. Oromocto and Charlotte, £800.

   TOTAL RELIEF.

   Miramichi, £27,300. Fredericton, £2,684. Oromocto and Charlotte, £1,753.

   The Commissioners therefore recommend, that the above mentioned sum of £18,000 be apportioned as follows:-

   
Miramichi,£15,500
Fredericton, 1,700
Oromocto and Charlotte, 800
£18,000

   The losses on the Oromocto and in the County of Charlotte, being all of the same class, namely, that of Farmers, are placed together for the convenience of distribution.

    Although the Commissioners for the reasons stated, have adopted the amount of losses sustained by the five classes in that behalf above mentioned, as the basis of the calculation, upon which they have made their apportionment, they do not mean to recommend that the other classes who have proved losses, should be altogether excluded from the charity. There will doubtless be found cases in all the classes that are proper objects for relief. But as already suggested, they think: that the particular distribution can only be made under your Excellency's directions, by local Committees, who will have knowledge of the condition, and circumstances of each individual, and will of course in every case take into account the particular amount of relief that may have been already dispensed.

   The Commissioners are clearly of opinion, that of all the classes of sufferers, depended upon the cultivation of the soil for support, are deserving of the most favourable consideration. Persons of this class beginning in the wilderness, have accumulated their means under sever privations, hard labour slow degrees, and the fruit of years of patient industry is swept away from them in an instant. They have now the same labourious process to go over again, under circumstances of infinite disadvantage, arising from the very deprivation which has caused their ruin.

   All which is respectfully submitted for your Excellency's consideration.

   (Signed)
WARD CHIPMAN,
HARRY PETERS,
RICHARD SIMONDS,
THOS. PETERS,
H.G. CLOPPER
Commissioners

    Fredericton, 24th June, 1826.



SUBSCRIPTIONS
TO THE FUND FOR RELIEF OF THE SUFFERERS
BY THE GREAT FIRE IN NEW BRUNSWICK,
7TH OCTOBER, 1825.

   
HIS MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, 1,400

   

LIST OF SUBSCRIPTIONS IN AND ABOUT FREDERICTON.

£ s. d.
His Excellency Major-Gen'l 110 0 0
Sir Howard Douglas Bart. Lieut.
&c; &c.
His Hon. the Chief Justice,30
Judge Bliss,30
Hon. Col. Shod,35
Mrs. Shore,10
Hon. Thos. Baillie30
Rev. Archdeacon Best.25
" Mr. Somerville,25
" Mr. McCauley,10
Messers. Rankin and Co.25
H. G. Clopper, Esq.15
Charles Lee, Esq.5
Messrs. James Taylor and Co.10
Captain Douglas,10
Jas. A. MacLauchlan, Esq.5
C. S. Putnam, Esq.10
Major McNair, 52nd Regt.5
Captain St. John, "5
Capt. Ferguson, "11 2 2
Mr. Wetheral, " 2 2 2
Lieut, Gunning,2
Cockroft, " 2 2 8
Mr. Matthew Brannen,£16
" B. S. Williams, 10
Messrs. W. Peters and Co.9
George Minchin, Esq.5
Mr. Geo. W. Hartt,5
Mr. Robert Fulton,1
Judge Ritchie, (Annapolis)4
Miss Odell,9 5
Thos. C. Lee, Esq.3
Mr. Allward Harned,5
Mr. Isaiah Clarke,2 2 8
The Fredericton Cricket Club,2
Richard Simonds, Esq,20
E. W. Miller, Esq.10
W. F. Odell, Esq.10
Collection in Christ's Church, (Fredericton)53 12 2½
W. J. Bedell, Esq.5
Mr. Richard Winter10
Geo. Leo, Esq.2 2 8
F. P. Robinson, Esq.5
John Robinson, Esq.5
H. M. Attorney General10
Mr. James Wilcox3
Wm. Davidson, Esq. (Prince William)5
James Miles, Esq.5
Mr. Wm. Payne 5
Mr. Thos. Gill, Jun.2 10
Mr. Donald McIntosh,2 2 8
J. E. Woolford, Esq.2
Mrs. McCrea,10 8
Mr. Thos. Armstrong, 5 4
Mrs. Grosvenor,2
W. B. Phair, Esq.2 10
Mrs. M. Phair2
Mrs. Hailes,2 2 8
Mrs. E. Lee,5
Mr. Jas. Carter,1 1 4
Peter Fraser, Esq.20
Rev. Richard Scott,1
Henry Smith, Esq.5
Mr. Joseph Estabrooks,£2
" Peter Fisher,25
" Hector Sutherland,1
" James Sloot,5
" Lewis Fisher,2 10
" Christopher Murray,5

   

List of Subscribers in Woodstock.

Rev. F. Dibblee£5Samuel Dickinson,£1 0
John Bedell, Esq.5Arthur Brown,5 4
Mr. J. D. Beardsley,5D. S. Corerier,5 4
Charles Ketchum,2 10G. Dougherty,1
J. and W. Bedell,7 10M. O'Neal10
W. Dibblee,1John Doight,5 4
John Dibblee, Esq.2James Carson,10
Mr. C. Raymond,1T. Dalling,10
P. M. Bedell,1W. H. Beardsley,10
H. E. Dibblee,3C. A. Beardsley,1
J. D. Beardsley, Ju.2B. Fayerweather,1
Richard Ray,1P. Daugherty,10
R. Woodward,1P. Dargon,10
R. Gowan,2Patrick Shea,10
T. Phillips,10M. McCormick,10
L. Lvenseller,10R. Martin,1
Benjamin Burt,10D. Watson,10 8
Charles Burt,1Walter Hay,1
W. Nelson,1W. Woodworth,10
Darius Burt,10E. Wilson,5 4
Stephen Corey,10W. Ingraham,1
J. Pattridge,10Jotham Moore,10
D. Bracket,10Amos Middlemast,10
Cornelius Gee,10Hugh Russell,10 8
F. Thomas,10 8W. Duance,1
Asa Holway,10 8W. Harris,10
W. Walton,10Joseph Furbus1
Prince Thompson,5 4W. Davenport,10
J. Leavitt,£16T. T. Woolverton,1 10
T. Brannen,2 10J. Woolverton, 15
John Hewey,1J. Peabody,1 10
Michael Kelly,10C. Peabody,2 10
H. Morrison,1G. Peabody,2
W. Snow,1W. Upham,1
E. P. Wild,1J. Upham, Esq.2 10
D. Fowler,2J. B. Morrell, 10
W. Mooren, 10W. Flemming,1
John Bell,10Amos Gates,1
John Currie,1Dr. S. Rice,3
W. Jacobs,1B. P. Griffith,8
T. Cayton, 10R. Griffith,1
John Grant, 10R. Smith,2
J. Lawrence,3T. G. Cunliffe,3 10 6
J. Laforgy,1 5S. J. Dibblee,1
J. Faulkinham,10 8J. Buxton,1
John Bill,10 8D. Woolhaupter,1
J. Robinson,10 8A. Baker,1
M. O'Connor,15W. Rodgers, 16
R. Combs,1Albert Smith,1 10
F. Tibedo, 15J. Masters, 8
J. McDonald,1J. Foster,1
R. Christopher, 15M. Smith,1 5
David Coats, 5J. Canten, 16
G. Prince, 10Wm.Mills,1
Henry Hooper,10 8R. Hannah,1
G. McKenzie,15Ed. Dunn, 10
R. McKay,5 4S. Wormwood,
Hayden & McLean,1 12B. Churchill, 16
C. Boyes, Jun. 16J. Hearney,1
Joseph Green, 10James Floyd,1
John Kinney,1

   

FEMALE SUBSCRIPTIONS.

£ s d
Nancy Cunliffe,1 10
Maria A. Bull1 5
Sophiah Smith 12 6
Elizabeth Upham,1
Martha Upham1
Polly S. Raymond, 14
Emily Smith1 5
M. G. Smith 10
Sarah Beardsley1
Matilda Beardsley 5
Polly Dibblee 6
Mariah Jane Dibblee1 5
Mrs. John Bedell1
Mrs. F. Dibblee1
Mrs. Rice 15
Nancy Rice 15
Mrs. Griffith 10
Mrs. E. Smith, 15
Ann Bedell 15
Mrs. John Bedell, Sen.1

   

Parish of St. Mary's

£ s d
Archibald McLean, Esq.25 0 0
Patrick Campbell4 10 0
James Stewart4 10 0
Alexander Campbell4 10 0
Gershom Bunnel4 10 0
John Manzer4 10 0
James Harrison6 0 0
Donald Fraser4 10 0
Peter McLaggan9 10 0
John McDonald4 10 0
Henry Henley and mother1 0 0
Alexander McLaggan1 0 0
Amos Arnold0 10 0
John Clayton3 0 0
William Smith1 0 0
Thomas Gill, Sen.0 10 8

    45 5 0
Parish of Prince William
Parish of Kent
County of Sunbury470 4 2
Queen's County
King's County, Parish of Kingston
" Springfield10 7 4
" Westfield15 7 4
" Do.13 17 0
" Norton23 0 0
" Sussex39 7 6
County of Westmorland
County of Charlotte
St. Andrew's and St. George538 19 2
St. Stephen's 286 19 4
City and County of St. John, about5,000 0 0

   

NOVA SCOTIA

£ s d
Halifax3,217 18 0
Clare148 13 4
Yarmouth150 0 0

   

LOWER CANADA

Quebec and Montreal, including Provincial Grant£5,157 8 11
Three Rivers50 5 0
Sherbrooke101 5 0

   

UPPER CANADA

York£112 2 8
Niagara116 13 3
Major Leonard, late 104th Regt.24 8 10½

   
Saint John's Newfoundland
Prince Edward Island

   

BERMUDA

Collection in the Church of S. George,£17 10 0
Subscription of one day's pay by the Troops and Department

   

GRANTS OF PROVINCIAL LEGISLATURES

Lower Canada£2,300 0 0
Upper Canada1,000 0 0
Nova Scotia1,000 0 0
New Brunswick5,000 0 0

   

DONATIONS FROM THE UNITED STATES

Boston, exclusive of Sundry Shipments of Provisions, &c.Dols. 8,000
New York6,994
Philadelphia2,300
Do. Society of Friends2,410
Eastport£93 7 4

   

SUBSCRIPTIONS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

£ s d
London5,294 6 10
Liverpool2,000 0 0
Glasgow, Bristol, North Shields and Sunderland1,496 0 0
Greenock487 5 0
Edinburgh
Aberdeen
Allon98 0 0
Annan33 11 7
Newcastle upon Tyne
Northinm, Sussex
Plymouth
Lord100 0 0


About the electronic version
Report of the Commissioners for Ascertaining the Losses Occasioned by the Late Fires in New Brunswick.
[electronic resource]
New Brunswick. Commission to Inquire into the Losses Occasioned by the Late Destructive Fires in this Province.
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About the print version
Report of the Commissioners for Ascertaining the Losses Occasioned by the Late Fires in New-Brunswick.

New Brunswick. Commission to Inquire into the Losses Occasioned by the Late Destructive Fires in this Province.
C. K. Lugrin, the King's Printer 1826 HIL-MICF FC18.C5 no.48084, UNBF; original held by the New Brunswick Museum, Saint John.
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  • Fires -- New Brunswick.
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    Abstract: Report of Commission to Inquire into the Losses Occasioned by the Late Destructive Fires in this Province, 1826

       In October 1825, fires destroyed a considerable amount of property in the Miramichi , Fredericton , and Oromocto . In February of the following year, a Commission was struck to carry out a few principle tasks with respect to the fires: to get a sense of those who lost property in the conflagrations; to figure out a system to apportion funds to those deserving recipients; and, to catalogue those who made contributions to the "Fund for the Relief of the Sufferers".

       Five Commissioners were assigned to the effort, Ward Chipman , Harry Peters , Richard Simonds , Thomas Peters , and H. G. Clopper . From their report, it is clear that the Mirimachi suffered much more significant losses than the other two areas, with losses totaling nearly £200 000 compared to Fredericton's total of slightly more than £25 000 and Oromocto's losses of £5 000. Though some money had already been distributed-and more would be in the future-the Commission's duty in this regard was to distribute a sum of £20 000 among the three cities.

       In their report, the Commissioners argued that not all claims for compensation should be judged merely on the amount lost, but "upon the character and condition of the sufferers, and the means they still possess". Those judged to have been of special need were farmers, labourers, lumberers, mechanics, widows, and single women. This, the report went on to state, was not to suggest that others were not eligible for compensation, but that the above five categories would have to be attended to first.

       h.c.

       Commissioners:
    George Shore
    Ward Chipman
    Harry Peters
    Richard Simonds
    Peter Thomas Horsfield .




    Résumé: Rapport de la Commission d'enquête sur les pertes occasionnées par les récentes destructions par le feu dans la province, en 1826

       En octobre 1825, le feu a détruit un nombre considérable de propriétés à Miramichi, à Fredericton et à Oromocto, de même que beaucoup de forêt entre ces diverses municipalités. En février de l'année suivante, une Commission a été créée pour effectuer quelques-unes des principales tâches concernant ces incendies: essayer de connaître l'état des personnes qui ont perdu des biens dans les conflagrations; essayer de prévoir un système permettant de répartir proportionnellement les fonds versés aux bénéficiaires admissibles; et établir la liste des personnes qui ont versé une contribution au "fonds pour le soulagement des victimes des incendies".

    Cinq commissaires ont été nommés pour remplir ce rôle: Ward Chipman, Harry Peters, Richard Simonds, Thomas Peters et H. G. Clopper. Leur rapport établit clairement que la Miramichi a subit beaucoup plus de pertes importantes que les deux autres endroits; près de £200,000 de dommages, comparativement à un peu plus de £25 000 à Fredericton et £5000 à Oromocto. Bien qu'une partie de l'argent ait déjà été distribué, et que d'autre le serait plus tard, le devoir de la Commission à cet égard était de répartir une somme de £20 000 entre les trois communautés.

       Dans leur rapport, les commissaires mentionnent que les demandes d'indemnisation ne devraient pas toutes être jugées essentiellement en fonction du montant perdu, mais "en fonction du caractère et de la condition des victimes, et des moyens qu'ils possèdent toujours". Les victimes qui ont été jugées comme ayant un besoin spécial sont les agriculteurs, les manoeuvres, les bûcherons, les mécaniciens, les veuves et les femmes vivant seules. Le rapport mentionne également que ceci ne veut pas dire que les autres ne sont pas admissibles à une forme quelconque d'indemnisation, mais que les cinq catégories susmentionnées devraient être considérées en premier.

        h.c.

       Commissaires:
    George Shore
    Ward Chipman
    Harry Peters
    Richard Simonds
    Peter Thomas Horsfield .